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“Beyond the window, everything moves [in the storm]: paper trees, toy cars, stick houses, straw dogs. Foam spreads through the streets like a stain…The tide uproots what the wind is unable to demolish. The building withstands the battering. Everyone talks at the same time (twenty scratched records playing at the same time)…an obsession with talking: twelve million scratched records blathering on without stopping. The country is a scratched record (everything repeats itself: every day is a repetition of the day before)….” – the speaker commenting on life in Cuba.

cover 33 revolutionsCanek Sanchez Guevara, author of this novella, died in Mexico 2015 at the age of forty, following heart surgery, and this story was found among his effects. Canek (“Black Serpent,” a Mayan or Incan name) was the oldest grandson of the famed Ernesto “Che” Guevara, an activist physician from Argentina who joined in the planning of the Cuban Revolution after he met Fidel and Raul Castro and other Cuban exiles in Mexico. After a bloody start, their Cuban revolution eventually brought them to power, ousting dictator Fulgencio Batista in 1959. Che himself was eventually assassinated in Bolivia in 1967, but his daughter Hildita and her Mexican husband, Alberto Sanchez, a leftist, remained in Cuba, where Hildita had a job in the Castro propaganda center. Her son Canek, the author of this novella, was born in Havana in 1974, and, with his parents, lived a comfortable life there as Che’s grandson.


Around 1980, his parents traveled to Milan and Barcelona, where Canek Sanchez Guevara attended school in Catalonia until he was 12, then returned to Havana in 1986. From 1986 – 1996, during his teen years, he lived in Cuba, becoming increasingly depressed by what he saw as the failure of the revolution, the persecution of minorities, the interference of the government in virtually every aspect of citizens’ lives, and the constant surveillance – including of his own life as a heavy metal musician, writer, and photographer. In 1996, at age twenty-two, he left Cuba for Mexico, where he lived for the rest of this life, eventually writing about the failure of the revolution and the betrayal by the Castros of the ideals of freedom and socialism with which they had started the revolution. (Sources: Phil Davison’s article here: http://www.independent.co.uk/     and   https://libcom.org/)

6005 Che

Che Guevara, grandfather of Canek Sanchez Guevara

In this story which feels like a memoir, Sanchez Guevara offers a short, often poetic, description of the life of one black man as he faces the interminable boredom, the lack of privacy, the “repetitive cycle of routine,” and “repetition after repetition of the scratched record of time and grime.” His use of the scratched record imagery, over and over again – forty repetitions of this image in the space of ninety-four short pages – actually creates within the reader’s own life the same boredom and stultifying lack of variety which the main character feels, and the reader soon begins to feel controlled by some of the same kinds of forces that the author himself dealt with in the overwhelming tedium of a life over which he had little control in Cuba during 1986 – 1996. Each day is like all the others; his job offers no respite; and when he goes to a bar, he sees four men playing dominoes, as they do every day. “There’s never any variation in the parade of white pieces, black dots, double nines, cries, curses. Next to each player, the eternal glass of rum; in the middle, the ashtray full of cigarette butts. This, he thinks is the scratched record of national culture.”

Many Cubans take their chances in overcrowded boats and head across the Caribbean toward Florida. Photo by Omar FernandezPhoto by Omar Fernandez

Many Cubans take their chances in overcrowded boats and head across the Caribbean toward Florida for a better life in the 1980s. Photo by Omar Fernandez

Later that evening he walks along the avenue and dances alone in the midst of a commotion, “and he wonders what it means to belong, to be united. Is the communion of other people’s bodies merely the alienation of the ordinary?” He thinks about his failed marriage, then sits along the waterfront. “Watching time pass is the people’s favorite pastime. Not wasting it, which would imply that they had it to waste. The years remain…Time always passes.” When he heads for home, he hears the rumble of a bus behind him, and fearing that he will miss it, he runs for the next stop. A patrol car stops him, interrogates him, then, ultimately, lets him go. “Sorry, comrade. You know how it is. A black man running in the dark is always suspicious.” Upset because the police have “snatched away his dream and something he wouldn’t call pride, let alone dignity, but which is doubtless important,” he realizes that “there is not one iota of greatness in any of this, and he makes a gesture that tries to take in the whole city [of Havana].”

old Pentax camera

The gift of a camera offers the speaker some hope for the future, for a while, at least.

The story continues through its thirty-three short “chapters,” or revolutions, matching the scratched “33” record on the cover and in the pervading imagery. The speaker reminisces about his father, his upbringing, his father’s lack of interest in anything to do with the arts, his own technical studies, his record as a model student, always revealing aspects of life which he noted in Cuba at the time. He discovers reading as an escape, and later music, and then the theatre, but every now and then “he wonders what he’s done to deserve this – to have tastes so alien to the tropics and yet live here…” A sexual encounter with a Russian woman leads to his arrest and torture, though he does not know why, and he wonders, yet again, about the point of life. As each scene – each revolution of the 33 record – takes place with few minor changes, the main character looks for something to keep his mind alive. The gift of a Pentax camera with two lenses and a flash gives him some hope for his future, as a few other people around him simultaneously begin to make moves toward their own futures. The conclusion reconciles the thirty-three scenes/revolutions of the record and provides an answer to the speaker’s quest.

Though the scenes are brief and filled with imagery of the scratched record, almost as frustrating to the reader as the times must have been to the speaker who lived through this period, the author nevertheless manages to recreate a portrait of a person stuck in a life not of his own choosing in a country which does not value individuals or respect their potential. Getting by seems to be the goal of everyone, from the most impoverished individual to those in power, though a person of fewer skills and fewer connections than this speaker would have found life much worse, being focused, of necessity, on finding food and a safe place to stay. This speaker, for all his boredom, is nevertheless luckier than most of his compatriots.

Photos, in order:  The author’s photo appears on https://twitter.com/

Che Guevara, grandfather of Canek Sanchez Guevara is shown here:  https://selfmedicant.com

During the 1980s, many Cubans took their chances on a new life by boarding overcrowded boats and setting out to sea for Florida and other places.  Photo by Omar Fernandez. https://twitter.com

The speaker sees some hope when he receives the gift of a Pentax camera and two lenses. http://camerapedia.wikia.com Pentax 1990 – 1997

ARC:  Europa Editions

REVIEW. Cuba, Historical, Psychological study, Social and Political Issues
Written by: Canek Sanchez Guevara
Published by: Europa Editions
Date Published: 10/11/2016
ISBN: 978-1609453480
Available in: Ebook Paperback

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