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NOTE: Per Petterson was WINNER of the IMPAC Dublin Literary Award in 2007 for Out Stealing Horses, WINNER of the Nordic Council Literature Prize in 2009, and WINNER of many other prizes for his work.

“Dad has a face that Arvid loved to watch, and at the same time made him nervous as it wasn’t just a face but also a rock in the forest with its furrows and hollows, at least if he squinted when he looked.  Of course you can be a bit unsettled if you look at your dad and suddenly there is a large rock where his head used to be.”

Norwegian author Per Petterson dedicates the ten short stories of Ashes in My Mouth, Sand in My Shoes (1987) to his own father in his first published book, creating a lovely and loving portrait of a father, his young son, and a few other members of their family as they go about their everyday lives in 1960s Norway  Main character Arvid, who will go on to star in some later books by Petterson, is six years old in the collection’s opening story, growing to the age of ten by its conclusion, a hypersensitive child who notices and cares about the family around him even as he is also aware of how much he depends on them.  Arvid’s unique point of view, his life, and his reactions to events in these stories, though perhaps more emotional than what most other children his age experience, are nevertheless so plausible and filled with heart that one cannot help believing that many of the happenings here were real and that the stories are somewhat autobiographical.  Seeming to breathe on their own, they need very little exposition to work their magic and draw in the reader, to whom they feel somehow familiar, no matter how the time, setting, and action may differ from our own.

With the reader sharing the early life of an especially observant child, the author chooses his details carefully and writes in an especially concise style, with no wordiness to slow down the action, no grand statements, and, ultimately no need to explain the action or embellish it. The opening story sets the tone, as Arvid learns that his father has lost his job as foreman of a shoe factory and must soon take a succession of lesser jobs in places as far away as Denmark, for six months, in order to stay employed in the declining shoe business, which he loves.  As the story develops, the action also shows the tense relationship between Arvid’s father and his brother Rolf, and eventually his father’s humiliation when he finally does obtain another job in another field of work.  Arvid, at age six, understands his father’s situation primarily through the parallels he sees on a TV program, but Arvid’s own lack of enthusiasm for his father’s new, much more mundane job adds to his father’s sense of failure.  In a mere ten pages, Petterson conveys much about the family’s dynamics, his father’s sense of pride, and, most importantly, Arvid’s own identification with his father.

Arvid’s father and Uncle Rolf inherited their father’s red log cabin on the Bunne Fjord, a place where the father encouraged Arvid to become more assertive.

Additional stories expand the information about Arvid’s family and their interrelationships:  His mother’s patience with him as he walks in his sleep and has nightmares and night-time “accidents” is matched by his father’s intrinsic understanding of how to make him feel better without embarrassing him, most of this shown through actions rather than words and dialogue in “Ashes in his Mouth.” Uncle Rolf and the origins of the continuing tension between him and Arvid’s father are shown in several stories.   The brothers’ relationship with Arvid’s grandfather and Arvid’s feelings toward him become clear in “The King is Dead,” a story in which Arvid sees parallels between the death of the King of Norway and his grandfather’s death, a story which also shows the weaknesses of Uncle Rolf and the strength of his mother.   Dissension in the marriage of Arvid’s father and mother affects Arvid personally in “Like a Tiger in a Cage.”

Norwegian fjord photo by Sverre Hjornevik, perhaps similar to the Bunne Fjord, where Arvid’s family has a red log cabin.

His relationship with the outside world is seen in his confrontation with an adult next-door neighbor known as “Fatso” who uses Arvid and then reveals his own weaknesses in a dramatic ending which leads Arvid to avoid him forever afterward.  Mocked for his innocence by other students when he is eight, Arvid reacts emotionally in “People are Not Animals” when the older boys try to joke about sexual mechanics with him, and he eventually decides how he will avoid such issues in the future.  “Today You Must Pray to God,” a statement made by Arvid’s teacher to Arvid’s class at the time that she also announces that “Today there may be nuclear war,” introduces some of the world tensions of the day and leads to serious concerns for Arvid’s emotional health, while “Before the War,” the last story in the collection, shares his father’s experiences during World War II and his father’s efforts to toughen Arvid up at the vacation cabin that his father and Uncle Rolf jointly own. Arvid’s sudden awareness of what is important in life is a fitting conclusion to the novel.

One of Arvid’s most vivid memories is of a bullfinch which he held in his hand when he found it lying on the ground, feeling its heartbeat.  Photograph by Grahame Thompson

Arranged chronologically to give a sense of their interconnections from beginning to end, Petterson’s stories contain both dramatic action and psychological acuity.  One of the most unusual aspects of the book occurs in the sudden endings to many of the stories.  One reviewer complained about this, noting that many of these stories “just end,” instead of having a recognizable finale to give a few clues to the author’s purpose in writing them.  Sometimes lacking the obvious thematic statements which so often accompany conclusions of stories by other writers, these stories with their well drawn, innocent point of view seem to operate on a different level,  drawing a reader into Arvid’s life through his stories and providing some symbols to inspire the reader’s own memories and feelings  – an experience that for me made them fun to read and enlightening, too; simultaneously casual and realistic in tone and style; both unpretentious and highly literary; and both unique and seemingly familiar. Here there is no need for ponderous statements – Arvid’s experiences are enough.  A very small book, with very short stories, Ashes in My Mouth, Sand in My Shoes carries a disproportionately large impact, a debut which clearly presages the enormous success this author would eventually have in the literary world.

ALSO by Petterson:  I CURSE THE RIVER OF TIME,        I REFUSE,        IT’S FINE BY ME, and      TO SIBERIA

Photos, in order: The author’s photo may be found on http://www.aftenbladet.no/

The Red Log Cabin, similar to one which Arvid’s father and uncle owned, is located  at the open-air museum Skansen in Stockholm.  It is posted on https://www.pinterest.com by  byggnadsvardsnytt.wordpress.com

This prize-winning photo of a Norwegian fjord, by Sverre Hjørnevik is from http://bestof.fjordnorway.com

One of Arvid’s most vivid memories is of finding a Northern Bullfinch on the ground, picking it up and holding it in his hand, feeling its heartbeat.  Photo by Grahame Thompson for http://www.thewesternisles.co.uk/

ASHES IN MY MOUTH, SAND IN MY SHOES
Review. Book Club Suggestions, Literary, Norway, Short Stories
Written by: Per Petterson
Published by: Graywolf Press
Date Published: 04/07/2015
Edition: Tra edition, Don Bartlett translator
ISBN: 978-1555977009
Available in: Ebook Paperback

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